Beginner’s Fitness Dictionary: Clarity in the Complicated World of Fitness

fitness dictionary_cardio_running

When you are starting on your fitness journey, there is a lot of information out there. You want to make sure that you are approaching health and fitness in the simplest way possible, especially in the beginning! This “fitness dictionary” is my basic guide to help you understand the different fitness terms that are floating out there!

Body weight Training:  Body weight training is fitness is using your own body weight as resistance to exercise and build muscle strength. Push ups, squats, lunges, and crunches are a few of many body weight exercises that you can include in your workouts.

Cardio: Training that gets your heart rate up. This aspect of fitness should be done about three times per week for 30 minutes.

fitness dictionary_cardio_running

Circuit: This is a type of fitness training that goes through a list of exercises for a set time, and only taking a break once you have gone through that list (or circuit). This form of fitness training is great way to get in a full body workout in a short amount of time. Because of the time (usually 45 second to 1 minute intervals), you receive a full cardio workout as well as resistance in a short time period!

Flexibility: The ability for your body to move through full range of motion. Add flexibility training into your fitness routine daily, after workouts, and through training such as yoga or Pilates.

flexibility_training_fitness dictionary

HIIT: High Intensity Interval Training. This is a cardio workout that is done with periods of high intensity work, followed by shorter periods of rest. This type of fitness training is done to get a cardio workout in shorter time periods, build muscle, and burn fat.

Lean: This refers to a person’s body type. Lean muscle usually is seen in the fitness world by those that have muscle or are gaining muscle while (or many times after) losing fat.

Muscle Mass: This refers to the size of muscle within your body. Many weightlifters exercise with the goal of increasing their muscle size.

Resistance Training: This is a form of fitness training that builds muscle by performing movements that are opposed by a force (such as weights). Resistance training is done to increase muscle strength and size.

fitness dictionary_weight lifting_strength

Stability: This is the ability to keep your body centered and balanced throughout a movement or through holding a specific position. By adding stability training, you are adding training into your fitness routine that allows you to maintain and build muscle balance.

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Super Set: This is a set of exercises that is done right after each other in opposing muscle groups. For example, a fitness super set for the legs could be 15 squats immediately followed by 15 dead lifts, repeated 4 times, and then you rest.

Tabata: A form of cardio training similar to HIIT. Tabata training consists of 2 exercises that your alternate between 8 times. You perform 20 seconds of work, with 10 seconds of rest in between exercises.

Toned: Another term referring to a fitness body type. Most often referring to lean muscle and minimal fat.

fitness dictionary_toned_muscle tone

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